Most people, from time to time, experience stress and feelings of anxiety. Anxiety has a strong effect on us because it's one of our natural survival responses.
Stress and Anxiety
In general, people say they feel stressed when there are too many demands and when they say they can not manage a certain situation. The feeling of stress can be triggered by any event that makes us feel nervous or frustrated. Anxiety is the feeling of fear or worry. It can be a reaction to stress or occur when we are unable to recognize stressful situations in our lives.
Stress and anxiety are not always bad. When they appear briefly, they can help you take on the challenge or overcome a difficult situation. Examples of everyday stress and anxiety arise, for example, when we are looking for a job, an important exam awaits us or we feel embarrassed in the face of a social situation. Anxiety has a strong effect on us because it's one of our natural survival responses. It causes our mind and body to speed up to prepare us to respond to an emergency.
However, when stress and anxiety start to affect our daily lives too much, this may indicate a more serious problem. When you avoid different situations because of irrational fear, constantly worrying about something or experiencing constant anxiety for a few weeks after experiencing a traumatic event, maybe you should seek professional help.
How to recognize stress and anxiety and when to ask for help?
Stress and anxiety cause both physical and mental symptoms. Everyone feels them in their own way, but there are some common symptoms:
• Stomach pain
• Muscle tension
• Fast and shallow breathing
• Accelerated pulse
• Changes in appetite
• Problems with sleeping
• Chronic fatigue
Stress and anxiety can also cause emotional problems, such as:
• A sense of an impending disaster
• Nervousness or panic attacks, especially in social situations
• Difficulty with concentration
• Irrational outbursts of anger
People who have been experiencing stress and anxiety for a long time, as a result of them, may experience negative health effects. They are more likely to suffer from diseases such as heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, as well as depression and panic disorder.
What causes stress and anxiety?
For most people, stress is the feeling that comes and goes. Usually it happens to them during some special events in life, and then these feelings go away. Such events include:
• Moving House
• Starting a new job
• Poorly loved one
• Death of a loved one
• New Baby
Stimulants that are stimulants can increase feelings of stress and anxiety. Regular consumption of caffeine, forbidden drugs, such as cocaine and even alcohol, can worsen symptoms.
Disorders caused by stress and anxiety
Stress and anxiety that often arise or are felt to be inadequate to the situation may be a sign of anxiety disorders. People suffering from them feel anxiety for most of their day and for a longer period of time. These disorders include:
Generalized anxiety disorder - these are chronic states of anxiety, ungrounded. Sometimes people worry that something bad will happen to their relatives and sometimes they can not identify the source of their anxiety. These disorders persist with varying intensity for at least 6 months.
Panic disorder - is characterized by episodes of sudden, acute anxiety accompanied by a feeling of imminent catastrophe ("panic attacks"). The patient feels faster heart rate and shortness of breath.
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) - a disorder that occurs in response to survival or being a witness to a traumatic event.
Social phobia - is manifested primarily with anxiety about all social situations, related to taking up activities (meeting new people, initiating conversations), public speeches. Often confused with stage fright and shyness, this is why its basic diagnostic criterion is feeling strong anxiety that paralyzes the possibility of taking action in relationships and social situations.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) - a characteristic feature of the disorder is the occurrence of recurrent, intrusive thoughts and / or activities that are difficult to resist, because the attempt to refrain from them is associated with increasing anxiety, anxiety, tension, suffering.
When to seek help?
If you have thoughts of hurting yourself or others, you should seek help immediately. Stress and anxiety are undergoing therapy and there are many ways, strategies and methods that can help. If you are unable to control your fears, and stress affects your everyday life and you have not dealt with it, ask your specialist for help.